4- Al-basmala (البسملة): say "In the name of Allah, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful"

 

1- "In the name of Allah, ...":

After asking for the purification of our "receptors" against any bad influence, we can start our work on a good basis so that the result is in our favor here in the Lower World and, above all, in the Afterlife.

And when we talk aboout "work", we talk about one or more actions represented by verbs themselves assigned to a nouns:

  •  The farmer cultivates the land
  •  The scientist explores the sky

At this stage, 2 cases arise:

  - If we assign our work in the name of our motor or cognitive capabilities, for example, in stead of  "In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful" we will have results in the Lower-world (the farmer like scientist need not be practicing Muslims so that they have the harvest of their work) but not in the Hereafter:

    Ibn Hibbane* narrated that the prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said:"  

     
Every significant matter that does not begin with the name of Allah is amputated   كل أمر ذي بال لا يبدأ فيه ببسم الله فهو أبتر

 

 - Otherwise, if we consider every work - which require knowledge, wise, strength, fairness, ..., etc. - to be done as worship by invoking Allah - The All Knowing, The Wise, The Strong, The Equitable, ..., etc. - to it, we get recomposes both in the Lower-world and in the Hereafter:     

     

Praise is to Allah, to Whom belongs everything in the heavens
and the earth. And Praise is to Him in the Hereafter.
And He is The Wise, The All-Aware.

 

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ
وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ فِي الْآخِرَةِ
وَهُوَ الْحَكِيمُ الْخَبِيرُ


 Sorat Sabae (Saba chapter) : 1 :  سورة سبإ  

 

In either case, Allah is:

2- "... The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful":

The Entirely Merciful for all of His creatures and The Especially Merciful for those who show to be grateful  towards "their lover":

     

The sky said, O Lord, permit me to drop a blanket on the son of Adam, for he has fed your goodness and prevented your thanks.

And the earth said: O Lord, permit me to despise the son of Adam, for he has fed your goodness and prevented your thanks.

And the mountains said: O Lord, permit me to defer to the son of Adam, for he has fed your goodness and prevented your thanks.

And the seas said: O Lord, permit me to drown the son of Adam, for he has fed your goodness and prevented your thanks.

He said to them: Leave me and my creation. If you created them, you would have mercy on them. If they repent to me, I am their lover, and if they do not repent, I am their doctor.

 

قالت الأرض: يا رب إئذن لي أن أخسف بابن آدم فقد طعم خيرك ومنع شكرك

وقالت السماء: يا رب إئذن لي أن أسقط كِسَفاً على ابن آدم فقد طعم خيرك ومنع شكرك

وقالت الجبال: يا رب إئذن لي أن أَخِرَّ على ابن آدم فقد طعم خيرك ومنع شكرك

وقالت البحار: يا رب إئذن لي أن أُغرِقَ ابن آدم فقد طَعِم خيرك ومنع شكرك.

فقال تعالى: دعوني وما خلقت، لو خلقتموهم لرحمتموهم، فإنهم عبادي، فإنْ تابوا إليَّ فأنا حبيبهم، وإنْ لم يتوبوا فأنا طبيبهم

Sacred Hadith**.

 

And it's precisely through "Praise is to Allah, Lord of the worlds" that Allah Initiates the 1st sorat - Al-Fatiha (The Openning chapter) - of His Qoran. 
Let's find out about it together in part 1.

 

https://islamqa.info/ar/answers/146079/%D8%AD%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%AB-%D9%83%…

** "Tafssir ACHAARAWI", page: 9850.