2- The truth speech for the "righteous deeds"

      

For a better use of the products and services, an instruction manual is necessary.
The mankind and the jinn*, the most complex "products", are no exception to this rule. And we just have to know that our reference preceded our creation to realize that we were predestined to live properly provided that we learn about our "good practices" and follow them:

     
The Most Merciful.   الرَّحْمَنُ
     
Taught the Quran,   عَلَّمَ الْقُرْآنَ
     
Created man,   خَلَقَ الْإِنسَانَ
     
[And] taught him eloquence,   عَلَّمَهُ الْبَيَانَ
     
The sun and the moon [move] by precise calculation,   الشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ بِحُسْبَانٍ
     
And the grass and the trees prostrate,   وَالنَّجْمُ وَالشَّجَرُ يَسْجُدَانِ
     
And the heaven He raised and imposed the balance,   وَالسَّمَاءَ رَفَعَهَا وَوَضَعَ الْمِيزَانَ
     
That you not transgress within the balance,   أَلَّا تَطْغَوْا فِي الْمِيزَانِ
     
And establish weight in justice and do not make deficient the balance.   وَأَقِيمُوا الْوَزْنَ بِالْقِسْطِ وَلَا تُخْسِرُوا الْمِيزَانَ

 Sorat Ar-Rahman (The Most Merciful chapter) : 9 << 1 :  سورة الرحمن 

 

As we have a choice on somethings, some people comply with this standard. Others don't.

 

Let's reread the same verses, through a different lens, to see how the Quran helps us make the right decision:

1- With the scientific truths "The sun and the moon [move] by precise calculation", "And the heaven He raised and imposed the balance" the Quran works together with our sensory receptors  (the brain as driver) to prepare the ground to the believe truths to lodge deep in our hearts;

This 1st step applies much more for atheists and reconverts since people born and raised as practicing Muslims do not need, in general, to be reassured through scientific methods to then understand their pupose of life. 
Indeed, the divine will wants that those believers maintain their "fitrah" (islamic nature) to direct their face "toward the religion, inclining to truth.":      

     
So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth. [Adhere to] the fitrah of Allah upon which He has created [all] people. No change should there be in the creation of Allah. That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know.   فَأَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفًا فِطْرَتَ اللَّهِ الَّتِي فَطَرَ النَّاسَ عَلَيْهَا لَا تَبْدِيلَ لِخَلْقِ اللَّهِ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

 Sorat Ar-Rom (The Romans chapter) : 30 :  سورة الروم  

 

  The prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said:  

     
Every newborn is born on the fitrah. Then his parents judaize, christianize, or magusize him.   كُلّ موْلودٍ يُولدُ على الفِطرَة فأبواه يُهَوِّدانه أو يُنصِّرانه أو يُمجسّانه

 Narrated by Al Boukhari**

 

And even with this fitrah, the believers need all time "the reminder" ...

     
And remind, for indeed, the reminder benefits the believers.    وَذَكِّرْ فَإِنَّ الذِّكْرَى تَنفَعُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ 

 Sorat Ad-Dariyat ( The Scatter chapter) : 55 :  سورة الذاريات

       
       ... knowing that:

     
And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds    وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً لِّلْعَالَمِينَ 

 Sorat Al-Anbiyae( The Prophets chapter) : 107 :  سورة الأنبياء

    

2- Responsible for a second category of reason, our heart attached to the believe truths ("al aqida" : "العقيدة" in Arabic and which comes from the verb to attach) to know: 

                 - Who are we going to engage with? "The Most Merciful."
                 - Examples for what is He capable of?  "Taught the Quran Created man, [And] taught him eloquence, The sun and the moon [move] by precise calculation, And the grass and the trees prostrate, And the heaven He raised and imposed the balance."

                    

3- As the heart circulates the blood to irrigate the rest of the body, it deploys the truth speech of Allah for the "righteous deeds" ...

     
Allah has sent down the best statement: a consistent Book wherein is reiteration. The skins shiver therefrom of those who fear their Lord; then their skins and their hearts relax at the remembrance of Allah. That is the guidance of Allah by which He guides whom He wills. And one whom Allah leaves astray - for him there is no guide.   اللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَابًا مُّتَشَابِهًا مَّثَانِيَ تَقْشَعِرُّ مِنْهُ جُلُودُ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ ثُمَّ تَلِينُ جُلُودُهُمْ وَقُلُوبُهُمْ إِلَى ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ ذَلِكَ هُدَى اللَّهِ يَهْدِي بِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ وَمَن يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ هَادٍ 

 Sorat Az-Zomar ( The Groups chapter) : 23 :  سورة الزمر

 

     
Those who have believed and whose hearts are assured by the remembrance of Allah. Unquestionably, by the remembrance of Allah hearts are assured.   الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَتَطْمَئِنُّ قُلُوبُهُم بِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ أَلَا بِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ الْقُلُوبُ 
Those who have believed and done righteous deeds, a good state is theirs and a good return.   الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ طُوبَى لَهُمْ وَحُسْنُ مَآبٍ

 Sorat Ar-Raad ( The Thunder chapter) : 107 :  سورة الرعد

    

 ... to know for what are we going to commit to? On this example, it's about the ethic of justice: "That you not transgress within the balance, And establish weight in justice and do not make deficient the balance."

It was an example*** and there are others to discover in The Quran (Part 1) with, each time, new scientific truths (Part 2) but also, before and after all, the believe ones and legislations (Part 3)


Just before we start these 3 parts, and to prepare for the next, we notice that Allah asks us to:

  • Avoid the bad: "That you not transgress within the balance""and do not make deficient the balance."                
  • Do the good: "And establish weight in justice"

If Allah made the difference between these 2 terms which concern the same subject, it is that there is a reason.
And this is what we will see in the next with Al-istiaada (الإستعاذة): say "I seek refuge with Allah from the banished Satan".

 

 

     
And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.   وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ
I do not want from them any provision, nor do I want them to feed Me.   مَا أُرِيدُ مِنْهُم مِّن رِّزْقٍ وَمَا أُرِيدُ أَن يُطْعِمُونِ
Indeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider, the firm possessor of strength.   إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِينُ

 Sorat Ad-Dariyat ( The Scaptter chapter) : 58 << 56 :  سورة الذاريات

    

** https://www.souhnoun.com/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%81%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%B1/%D9…

***  Inspired by Cheikh Mohammad METWALI CHAARAWI.